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11 May 2009

Microwave diathermy


It's an electromagnetic wave used for treatment purposes with wavelength between infra-red rays and short wave diathermic waves.

The heat energy obtained from the wave is used for giving relief to the patient.

Used for treatment is of Wave length - 12.25 cm Frequency - 24.50 Mhz.

Production of Waves

The waves are obtained by heating special type of valve called Magnetron. The output is carried to a small aerial and microwaves are emitted.

Indication:
  1. Pain
  2. Bacterial infection
  3. Septic fingers
  4. Boils
  5. Abscess
Contraindication:
  1. Cancer
  2. Tuberculosis of Bone
  3. Recent exposure to X-rays
  4. Defective blood circulation (In cases like Diabetes)
Advantages

Pain is relieved
  1. Healing of infections is faster
  2. Aids in relaxation
Disadvantages
  1. Burns
  2. Injuries to eyes

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